He was born in 1881 in Salonica, then an Ottoman city, now in Greece. His father Ali Riza, At the time, Father Ali Rıza was working as a customs officer, died when Mustafa was still a boy. His mother Zubeyde, a devout and strong-willed woman, raised him and his sister.Mother Zübeyde Hanım was a pretty Turkmen woman strictly devoted to religious beliefs.The ancestors of Zübeyde Hanım were known as a branch of Turkmen tribe. They immigrated from Anatolia to Rumelia during the conquest of Rumelia by the Ottomans and settled in Sarıgöl subdistrict located west of the Vodina district in west Makedonia. It is thought that this tribe came there from Konya or Aydın provinces of Anatolia.Before Mustafa ,Zübeyde Hanım and Ali Rıza Bey had three children named Fatma,Ömer and Ahmet. When Mustafa was born none of those children were alive.
Makbule Atadan (1887-1956) was the sister of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the founder of the Republic of Turkey. She was the only one surviving sister of Atatürk, while the other four siblings died at early ages.Born 1887 in Thessaloniki, then in the Ottoman Empire, and grew up there, she moved along with her mother Zübeyde Hanım to Istanbul after the Balkan Wars.Following the foundation of the republic in 1923, she moved with her mother to Ankara, summoned by her brother, who became the first president of Turkey. Later, she lived in the Camlı Köşk (literally Glass Pavilion), a villa built 1936 within the garden of presidential Çankaya Palace specially for her.
Makbule married Mecdi Boysan, a member of the parliament in 1935.She died on March 18, 1956 in Ankara at the age of 69, and was laid to rest in the Cebeci Asri cemetery.
Atatürk had also a sister Naciye, born in 1889, whom they lost because of tuberculosis in childhood.
After the Balkan Wars, when the Ottomans lost Salonica to Greece, Zübeyde Hanım moved to a house in Beşiktaş-Akaretler, Istanbul with her daughter Makbule. She moved to Ankara in 1922, but the climate was not suitable for an old woman like her, so she was sent to İzmir. She died there in 1923, and a memorial was built for her in 1940, where she rests now.
Atatürk married Latife Usakligil in early 1923. The marriage ended in divorce in 1925.
On November 10, 1938, following an illness of a few months, the national liberator and the Father of modern Turkey died. But his legacy to his people and to the world endures.