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    Casper İngilizce kitap özeti

    There was a castle in somewhere. It was a cursed and there were ghosts. A woman and her assistant tried to go into the castle but they couldn’t. Because they saw a ghost. Then they called the man. He was a search for the ghosts. He came here with her daughter Kate.

    After that they stayed this in castle. When Kate came her room, she saw the Casper. Kate and Casper become a friend. Then Kate started school. The student wanted have a party in Kate’s home. But she didn’t want. When they went back the castle. Kate saw the other ghosts. She puzzled. The other ghosts didn’t like Kate and her father. Casper showed her father’s machine. This machine ghosts changed the people with a formula. If Kate puts here, Casper will changed a man. But he couldn’t changed. Then the other ghost killed the Kate’s father and he was a ghost. Kate was unhappy. Then the party day come and the party began. Casper wanted a something an angel.

    Finally an angel changed Casper for a handsome man only one hour. Kate and Caper danced. One hour after, Casper changed a ghost and everybody was afraid of ghost. After that Casper, Kate, Kate’s father and the other ghosts danced. Everybody was happy.

    The Plague by Albert Camus

    The book is divided into five sections, each of which tells of a distinct period in the plague’s takeover of Oran, the port city in northern Algeria where the story is set. Part 1 describes Oran as it was before the plague and just after the disease has taken hold. Bernard Rieux, the town doctor, notices a dead rat in the hallway of his apartment building one ordinary morning, and thereafter, nothing in his or anyone’s life in Oran is normal. Thousands of the town’s rats die, then cats and dogs, and finally the disease starts to infect people. Jean Tarrou, a visitor trapped in Oran, keeps a journal about the plague’s effect on the people of Oran, and it includes stories about characters like Joseph Grand, an insignificant city worker, and Cottard, a man who is mysteriously happy about the outbreak of the plague. By the end of this section, the people of Oran are forced to realize their dull and habitual ways may be gone for good. The town gates are shut, and Oran is now a prison cell, where no one can go out or come in.

    Part 2 of the book tells what happens when the plague becomes “the concern of all of us.” (67). In this section, the townspeople struggle to fight their individual battles against the plague and the suffering and separation it forces them to endure. Characters like Raymond Rambert, who begins negotiating with smugglers, try to imagine ways to escape the city and meet up again with their loved ones. Father Paneloux, the town priest, preaches a fiery sermon that claims that God has sent the disease upon the people of Oran as a punishment for their sins. Tarrou starts voluntary sanitary squads in town, and many people, including Grand and Rambert, volunteer to help.

    By the beginning of Part 3, “the plague had swallowed up everything and everyone. No longer were there individual destinies; only a collective destiny, made of plague and the emotions shared by all.” (167). In this short third section, the narrator tells us of the worst period of the disease, the brutally hot summer months when the plague kills so many people that there’s no space left to bury them. The town crematorium is burning bodies at top-capacity and everyone in the city suffers terrible feelings of pain and exile.

    In Part 4 there is more attention paid to the emotions of some of the main characters. Cottard is still strangely cheerful about the plague. Rambert’s getaway plans seem ready to go through, but the journalist has a last-minute change of heart and decides to stay in Oran to help fight the disease. Many of the story’s main characters, including Dr. Rieux, Joseph Grand, Jean Tarrou, and Father Paneloux, are affected profoundly when they witness the death of a young child. After this experience, Paneloux gives a second sermon, and it shows far more sympathy for the suffering people of Oran. One evening, Tarrou explains his life philosophy, which centers on a passionate opposition to the death penalty, to Dr. Rieux. Grand falls ill and seems certain to die of the plague, but makes a sudden and miraculous recovery. The same “resurrection” happens to a woman in town, and by the end of this section, the rats, alive now, have begun to resurface in the city.

    In the final section, the plague leaves just as suddenly as it came. After a public announcement that the epidemic seems to be over, a big celebration is held in the streets. Then the gates are opened, and families and lovers–including Rambert and his wife–are reunited. Cottard, despairing that the plague has gone and left him alone with his suffering again, has a crazy shooting fit, which ends with him being dragged away by the police. At this point, Dr. Rieux reveals that he is the story’s narrator. Though he has suffered greatly, and now finds out that his own wife is dead, he says he hoped to retell the book without it being his story. He wanted to “take the victims’ side,” sharing with them the feelings of love, exile, and suffering that all felt during the time of the plague. The book ends with the haunting observation that although the plague bacillus can go into hiding for years and years, it never dies or disappears for good.

    The Lottery Ticket by ANTON CHEKHOV

    IVAN DMITRITCH, a middle-class man who lived with his family on an income of twelve hundred a year and was very well satisfied with his lot, sat down on the sofa after supper and began reading the newspaper.

    “I forgot to look at the newspaper today,” his wife said to him as she cleared the table. “Look and see whether the list of drawings is there.”

    “Yes, it is,” said Ivan Dmitritch; “but hasn’t your ticket lapsed?”

    “No; I took the interest on Tuesday.”

    “What is the number?”

    “Series 9,499, number 26.”

    “All right . . . we will look . . . 9,499 and 26.”

    Ivan Dmitritch had no faith in lottery luck, and would not, as a rule, have consented to look at the lists of winning numbers, but now, as he had nothing else to do and as the newspaper was before his eyes, he passed his finger downwards along the column of numbers. And immediately, as though in mockery of his scepticism, no further than the second line from the top, his eye was caught by the figure 9,499! Unable to believe his eyes, he hurriedly dropped the paper on his knees without looking to see the number of the ticket, and, just as though some one had given him a douche of cold water, he felt an agreeable chill in the pit of the stomach; tingling and terrible and sweet!

    “Masha, 9,499 is there!” he said in a hollow voice.

    His wife looked at his astonished and panicstricken face, and realized that he was not joking.

    “9,499?” she asked, turning pale and dropping the folded tablecloth on the table.

    “Yes, yes . . . it really is there!”

    “And the number of the ticket?”

    “Oh yes! There’s the number of the ticket too. But stay . . . wait! No, I say! Anyway, the number of our series is there! Anyway, you understand….”

    Looking at his wife, Ivan Dmitritch gave a broad, senseless smile, like a baby when a bright object is shown it. His wife smiled too; it was as pleasant to her as to him that he only mentioned the series, and did not try to find out the number of the winning ticket. To torment and tantalize oneself with hopes of possible fortune is so sweet, so thrilling!

    “It is our series,” said Ivan Dmitritch, after a long silence. “So there is a probability that we have won. It’s only a probability, but there it is!”

    “Well, now look!”

    “Wait a little. We have plenty of time to be disappointed. It’s on the second line from the top, so the prize is seventy-five thousand. That’s not money, but power, capital! And in a minute I shall look at the list, and there–26! Eh? I say, what if we really have won?”

    The husband and wife began laughing and staring at one another in silence. The possibility of winning bewildered them; they could not have said, could not have dreamed, what they both needed that seventy-five thousand for, what they would buy, where they would go. They thought only of the figures 9,499 and 75,000 and pictured them in their imagination, while somehow they could not think of the happiness itself which was so possible.

    Ivan Dmitritch, holding the paper in his hand, walked several times from corner to corner, and only when he had recovered from the first impression began dreaming a little.

    “And if we have won,” he said–”why, it will be a new life, it will be a transformation! The ticket is yours, but if it were mine I should, first of all, of course, spend twenty-five thousand on real property in the shape of an estate; ten thousand on immediate expenses, new furnishing . . . travelling . . . paying debts, and so on. . . . The other forty thousand I would put in the bank and get interest on it.”

    “Yes, an estate, that would be nice,” said his wife, sitting down and dropping her hands in her lap.

    “Somewhere in the Tula or Oryol provinces. . . . In the first place we shouldn’t need a summer villa, and besides, it would always bring in an income.”

    And pictures came crowding on his imagination, each more gracious and poetical than the last. And in all these pictures he saw himself well-fed, serene, healthy, felt warm, even hot! Here, after eating a summer soup, cold as ice, he lay on his back on the burning sand close to a stream or in the garden under a lime-tree. . . . It is hot. . . . His little boy and girl are crawling about near him, digging in the sand or catching ladybirds in the grass. He dozes sweetly, thinking of nothing, and feeling all over that he need not go to the office today, tomorrow, or the day after. Or, tired of lying still, he goes to the hayfield, or to the forest for mushrooms, or watches the peasants catching fish with a net. When the sun sets he takes a towel and soap and saunters to the bathing shed, where he undresses at his leisure, slowly rubs his bare chest with his hands, and goes into the water. And in the water, near the opaque soapy circles, little fish flit to and fro and green water-weeds nod their heads. After bathing there is tea with cream and milk rolls. . . . In the evening a walk or vint with the neighbors.

    “Yes, it would be nice to buy an estate,” said his wife, also dreaming, and from her face it was evident that she was enchanted by her thoughts.

    Ivan Dmitritch pictured to himself autumn with its rains, its cold evenings, and its St. Martin’s summer. At that season he would have to take longer walks about the garden and beside the river, so as to get thoroughly chilled, and then drink a big glass of vodka and eat a salted mushroom or a soused cucumber, and then–drink another. . . . The children would come running from the kitchen-garden, bringing a carrot and a radish smelling of fresh earth. . . . And then, he would lie stretched full length on the sofa, and in leisurely fashion turn over the pages of some illustrated magazine, or, covering his face with it and unbuttoning his waistcoat, give himself up to slumber.

    The St. Martin’s summer is followed by cloudy, gloomy weather. It rains day and night, the bare trees weep, the wind is damp and cold. The dogs, the horses, the fowls–all are wet, depressed, downcast. There is nowhere to walk; one can’t go out for days together; one has to pace up and down the room, looking despondently at the grey window. It is dreary!

    Ivan Dmitritch stopped and looked at his wife.

    “I should go abroad, you know, Masha,” he said.

    And he began thinking how nice it would be in late autumn to go abroad somewhere to the South of France . . . to Italy . . . to India!

    “I should certainly go abroad too,” his wife said. “But look at the number of the ticket!”

    “Wait, wait! . . .”

    He walked about the room and went on thinking. It occurred to him: what if his wife really did go abroad? It is pleasant to travel alone, or in the society of light, careless women who live in the present, and not such as think and talk all the journey about nothing but their children, sigh, and tremble with dismay over every farthing. Ivan Dmitritch imagined his wife in the train with a multitude of parcels, baskets, and bags; she would be sighing over something, complaining that the train made her head ache, that she had spent so much money. . . . At the stations he would continually be having to run for boiling water, bread and butter. . . . She wouldn’t have dinner because of its being too dear. . . .

    “She would begrudge me every farthing,” he thought, with a glance at his wife. “The lottery ticket is hers, not mine! Besides, what is the use of her going abroad? What does she want there? She would shut herself up in the hotel, and not let me out of her sight. . . . I know!”

    And for the first time in his life his mind dwelt on the fact that his wife had grown elderly and plain, and that she was saturated through and through with the smell of cooking, while he was still young, fresh, and healthy, and might well have got married again.

    “Of course, all that is silly nonsense,” he thought; “but . . . why should she go abroad? What would she make of it? And yet she would go, of course. . . . I can fancy. . . . In reality it is all one to her, whether it is Naples or Klin. She would only be in my way. I should be dependent upon her. I can fancy how, like a regular woman, she will lock the money up as soon as she gets it. . . . She will look after her relations and grudge me every farthing.”

    Ivan Dmitritch thought of her relations. All those wretched brothers and sisters and aunts and uncles would come crawling about as soon as they heard of the winning ticket, would begin whining like beggars, and fawning upon them with oily, hypocritical smiles. Wretched, detestable people! If they were given anything, they would ask for more; while if they were refused, they would swear at them, slander them, and wish them every kind of misfortune.

    Ivan Dmitritch remembered his own relations, and their faces, at which he had looked impartially in the past, struck him now as repulsive and hateful.

    “They are such reptiles!” he thought.

    And his wife’s face, too, struck him as repulsive and hateful. Anger surged up in his heart against her, and he thought malignantly:

    “She knows nothing about money, and so she is stingy. If she won it she would give me a hundred roubles, and put the rest away under lock and key.”

    And he looked at his wife, not with a smile now, but with hatred. She glanced at him too, and also with hatred and anger. She had her own daydreams, her own plans, her own reflections; she understood perfectly well what her husband’s dreams were. She knew who would be the first to try to grab her winnings.

    “It’s very nice making daydreams at other people’s expense!” is what her eyes expressed. “No, don’t you dare!”

    Her husband understood her look; hatred began stirring again in his breast, and in order to annoy his wife he glanced quickly, to spite her at the fourth page on the newspaper and read out triumphantly:

    “Series 9,499, number 46! Not 26!”

    Hatred and hope both disappeared at once, and it began immediately to seem to Ivan Dmitritch and his wife that their rooms were dark and small and low-pitched, that the supper they had been eating was not doing them good, but Lying heavy on their stomachs, that the evenings were long and wearisome. . . .

    “What the devil’s the meaning of it?” said Ivan Dmitritch, beginning to be ill-humored. ‘Wherever one steps there are bits of paper under one’s feet, crumbs, husks. The rooms are never swept! One is simply forced to go out. Damnation take my soul entirely! I shall go and hang myself on the first aspen-tree!”

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    The title of the book is “ Anna Karenina”
    The novel was published by Penguin Readers Publishing
    The translation of the book was first published in Penguin Classics 1954
    ( The Whole Edition ) by Rosemary Edmonds
    The first simplified edition was published in 1992
    This edition was published in 2001
    The type of the book is novel.
    The author of the book is Count Leo Nikolayevich Tolstoy.

    Count Leo Nikolayevich TOLSTOY: Count Leo Tolstoy( born sept.9,1828 and died nov.22,1910) was Russia’s greatest novelist and one of its most influential moral philosophers.He was born near Moscow at Yasnaya Polyanai, or “Clear Glade” the estate where he was to spend most of his life.At the age of nine he became an orphan and thereafter he was brought up by aunts.In 1847 he left the University of Kazan to reform his estate, but he was unprepared for the task and moved to Moscow.Five years later, Tolstoy volunteered for the army in the Caucasus,Crimea; he participated in the defense of Sevastopol and was hailed as a rising literary star for his fictionalized Childhood, Youth and the Sevastopol Sketches,which already contained some of the main features of his mature work--psychological analysis of unprecendented detail, and a unglamorous actions performed by ordinary men.
    Tolstoy retired from the army in 1856, traveled in Europe, and returned to his estate, where he founded a school for peasant children that anticipated several modern educational practises.He was married in 1862 and a year later publihed a novel he had begun much earlier, The Cossacks.During this period he wrotethe novels upon which most of his fame rests: War and Peace and Anna Karenina.A deep-seated dissatisfaction with himself and a long-frustrated search for meaning in life, however, led to the crisis Tolstoy described in his Confession and Memoirs of a Madman.In these works he also formulated a doctorine to live by, based on a nonviolence, renunciation of wealth, self-improvement through pyscical work, and nonparticipation in such social institutions as war juries.
    The doctorine had an enormous vogue, profoundly influencing Mahatma Gandhi, among others.Yasyana Polyanai became a place of pligrimage, and Tolstoy was revered and emulated throughoutthe world.Constant strife, however, existed between Tolstoy’s wife, Sofia, and his followers; finally, after many scenes, Tolstoy left the estate in October 1910, became ill, and died at nearby Astopovo a few weeks later.
    Anna Karenina (1875-77) also weaves together several plots. Anna gives up family and social position to live with her lover, Vronsky, and her brother’s less consuming adulterous passions lead to marital strife.The courtship and rewarding marriage of Levin and Kitty, based on Tolstoy’s own experience, provide a contrast.Although the novel’s scope is smaller than that of War and Peace, and its techniques differ, it also presents an extensive picture of Russia.The novel’s end depicts the crisis the author was undergoing himself.

    II/ Presentation of the Book
    The story takes place in Russian High Society in St.Petersburg and Moscow. And also the country estates which belongs to Levin and Count Vronsky.
    “In the 1870’s, the Russian aristocracy was plagued by financial woes.The liberation of the serfs some years earlier had created an agricultural crisis, as it became extremely diffucult for large landowners to make a profit through farming.The introductionof the railroads caused urban centers such as Moscow and Petersburg (Leningrad) to replace country estates as the centers of the social life, but the expense of the life in the cities, combained with the easy access to bank loans and to the nobility of Western Europe led to ritual imitation throughout Anna Karenina, well-bred Russian men and women speak to one another primarily in French, particularly if they seek privacy from eavesdropping servants.
    The 1870s were a time of social change and political upheaval as well.The glimmerings of communism can be seen in characters like Nikola, who accuses his brother of revamping the ideas of the communists in defining his own ideas.The plight of the poverty-stricken peasants was problematic, as was the relationship of Russia to Slavic nations such as Serbia, which languishedunder Turkish rule.Gender and class roles were frequently debated, and greater education for the peasants and for women was often seen as a goal.But as Anna Karenina demonstrates, Society remained at least outwardly old-fashioned despite the liberalism of the time.This was true especially with regard to marital propriety.Divorces were extremely diffucult to obtain, and well-bred women who left their husbands to live with lovers, like Anna, were considered fallen, and lived as outcasts from society.Men enjoyed much greater freedom, both within marriage and outside it.
    The story takes places in 19th centuriy nearly about 1870’s.
    The main characters are Anna Karenina, Karenin (Anna’s husband), Count Vronsky (Anna’s lover), Oblonsky, Levin, Kitty, Dolly.

    The Summary:
    Stephan Oblonsky’s wife Dolly had discovered that her husband was having an affair.With her beauty fading and her household a wreck, she had had enough.Stephan fretfully wrote to his sister, Anna Karenina, asking her to come to Moscow and convince Dolly not to leave him.
    Later,while working at his job in the entrenched Moscow bureaucracy,Stephan received an unexpected visitor; Levin, an old friend from the university, came to discuss Dolly’s sister Kitty, whom he wanted to marry.After being informed by Oblonsky that he had a rival for Kitty’s affections, a certain Count Vronsky of St. Petersburg, Levin resolved that he would propose to Kitty that very night.
    At the same moment, Anna and Count Vronsky were riding together in a train bound for Moscow. Vronsky noticed the charming woman as he made his way to the first-class compartment that he shared with his mother.He had time to take note of “ the suppressed eagerness which played over her face” as their eyes met, and she remained in his mind. However, upon reaching their destination, the two went their seperate ways – Anna to her brother’s home, Vronsky and his mother to a hotel.
    Approached by Anna, Dolly at first refused to discuss her husband’s infidelity. “ Everything is lost after what has happened, everything is over !”she raged. But finally she relented to Anna’s plea to keep the family together.
    Meanwhile, Levin had arrived early at a dinner party hosted by the parents of Kitty and Dolly, determined to make his desires known to Kitty before the appearance of the rich and handsome Count. But “ That cannot be.......forgive me,” Kitty replied upon hearing his stammering proposal. Crushed by the rejection, Levin escaped from gathering at the first opportunity.
    A few days later, at her coming-out ball, Kitty couldn’t help but notice how Anna and Vronsky kept gazing at each other. Vronsky’s face had a look that puzzled her. . . “like the expression of an intelligent dog when it had done wrong” It was clear to Kitty that the two were in love.
    Neverthless, with her task her seeing to Stephan and Dolly completed, Anna boarded the next train for St.Petersburg. She thought of her son, Seriozha and her husband Alexei Karenin. “....My life will go on in the old way, all the nice and as usual,” she thought. But she found that she could not easily dismiss Count Vronsky from her mind. And stepping along the way, as Anna stepped out for a breath of air, there he was. “You know that I have come to be where you are; I cannot help it,” confessed the officer. Anna was boyh delighted and flattered by this, but it was simply unthinkable that anything could come of his attraction to her. After all, she was a married woman.
    Back in Moscow, Kitty was devastated. Not only had Count Vronsky spurned her, but Levin had also left the city to supervise work on his country estate. Humiliated and distraught, Kitty became so ill with despair that she was soon unable to eat or sleep.Her frantic parents, after finding no restorative medical treatment in Moscow, sent her to Europe to consult various doctors.
    Meanwhile, life for Anna in St.Petersburg remained strangely unsettled. The happiness that in Moscow “had fairly flashed from her eyes,( now seemed ) hidden somewhere far away.” To her further disquiet, the love-struck Vronsky took every opportunity to see her.One night she knelt and begged him to leave her in peace; but still he persisted: “I can’t think of you and myself apart. You and I are one to me.” And at that moment Anna “let her eyes rest on him, full of love.”
    Soon afterward, Alexei Karenin walked into a party and found his wife with Vronsky; but Anna denied any impropriety. Still, she and Vronsky met night after night, with Karenin seemingly powerless or unwilling to stop them.Anna by now felt “so sinful, so guilty” ; but still she could not curb her passion for the Count.
    The following summer, while staving at her husband’s villa outside the city, Anna confronted her lover with an announcement: she was pregnant.Thoughhe understood the gravity of Anna’s position, Vronsky smiled. This was the “turning point he had ben longing for.”
    “Leave your husband and make our life one,” he implored. But Anna shook her head.If she left, Alexei would take sole custody of Seriozha and she would not be allowed to see her son. But Anna did promise Vronsky that she would tell her husband the truth about the child she was carrying.
    When Anna made her confession, Alexey, instead of showing jealousy or indignation, merely warned his wife aganist “public displays of flirtation.” He sole concern was to preserve his social and business reputation ;a duel or a divorce would only serve to disgrace him. “The family cannot be broken up by a whim, a caprice, or even by the sin of one of the partners in the marriage.”he informed Anna. “......Our life must go on as it has done in the past.”
    Anna reacted to his words at first with guilt and shame, but this quickly turned to anger: “He knows that I cannot repent that I breathe, that I love ; he knows that it can lead to nothing but lying and deceit- but he wants to go on torturing me...” Vronsky also was increasingly anxious to begin a new life with Anna, who would not leave her son. And so, “the position was one of misery for all three...”
    Kitty had by now returned to Moscow, felling somewhat better. One morning, just after dawn, Levin caught sight of her in a carriage, as it skirted his estate destined for her family’s summer home. The pangs of love, long since buried, welled up in him once more. Months later, taking advantage of a trip to the city, he called again upon Kitty. It was apparent to both that they cared deeply for each other, and, after a proper courtship, they were untied as man and wife. Levin, for years caught up in trying to find out who he was and where he fit in God’s universe, had finally and happily found his place.
    But in St.Petersburg, relationships were breaking up. The nearer Anna came to the birth of her child, the more demanding and cold Alexei became. Then Anna survived a deadly fever to give birth to a baby girl. Oddly, the diffuculty of the birth eased the tensions between herself and her husband. At the other extreme, Vronsky saw no end to the barriers seperating him from his lover. Desperate at the prospect of living wiyhout Anna, he unsuccessfully tried shooting himself. Still torn, Anna finally did move in with him, and soon the couple left Russia to live in Italy for a time.
    Meanwhile, Kitty and Levin were living on their estate outside of Moscow. Levin felt gartified to be spiritually sustained by a loving wife. Like Anna, Kitty went through a diffucult pregnancy, but it culminated in the birth of a fine little boy. Theirs was an idyllic life.
    Upon returning from Italy to St.Petersburg, Vronsky and Anna, found themselves ostracized. Gossip followed them everywhere. The couple argued frequently, and Anna, in a burst of depressions, finally accused Vronsky of being unfaithful. Even after they moved into a newly-inherited estate, Anna felt alone in the world. She revived her habit of taking a little morphine to help her sleep, a legacy from her pregnancy.
    Summer turned to winter, and the family relocated again, this time to Moscow. There, the badly strained relationship fared no better. Though Anna pled for Vronsky to love her and give her security, at the same time she increasingly insisted on greater freedom. “This is becoming unbearable !” Vronsky screamed one day. “Why do you try my patience? It has limits.” Anna could only gaze at him “with terror at the undisguised hatred in his whole face.” Vronsky checked himself: “I mean to say.....I must ask what it is you want of me?” “All I want,” she replied, “is that you don’t desert me, as you think of doing....I want love, and there is none....” Vronsky vainly protested; he would never cease to love her. Suddenly, Anna turned on Vronsky, cursing him for the sacrifices she had made to be with him- her marriage, her son, her social position....
    Delirious with bitterness, Anna had no place to turn; Vronsky, she was convinced, had found another, and she could nebver return to Alexei.Ambling into the train station, she purchased a ticket. Then, standing on the platform, watching the trains, she said to herself “I will punish him and escape from everyone and from myself.” Mesuring both the speed of the oncoming train and her resolve to end her suffering, she jumped. “.....Something huge and merciless struck her on the head and rolled on her back.....Lord forgive me all !”
    Anna KARENINA was dead.

    The Character Analysis :
    Anna Karenina: Anna is one of the main characters of the novel.She starts an affair with Vronsky and is overcome with guilt,grief at giving up her son and anguish at her position out of society.She and Vronsky fight often about about her jealousy and what she sees as his diminishing love.In the end she does not know what to do and sees no way out for herself.Remembering a man who had been run over by a train earlier in the novel, she chooses the same fate for herself and jumps under one.Anna’s thoughts and actions are one way that the moral issues and the Death theme in the novel are explored.Anna thinks that she had chosen the best way for herself, but after her death, especially Count Vronsky had been demolished and decides to go to the war which is being held between Ottoman’s and Russia in Crimea in order to forget the his sorrow.
    Alexis Karenin : Karenin is Anna’s husband and a politician.He does not know how to handle Anna infidelity, and seems more concerned about what Society thinks than about Anna or himself. He is a Christian and in the end only wants to do what is right and what will save Anna, but his goodness makes her feel even worse, and she is not able to accept his generosity.He accepts Anna and Vronsky’s little girl to bring up after Anna’s death.Karenin’s belief system and actions help to define the religious and moral themes of the novel.
    Count Vronsky: Vronsky is an officer and at first seems to be courting Kitty.After he meets Anna though, he follows her back to Petersburg to be near her.They start an affair, and after Anna is no longer welcome in Society, she tries to get him to stay with her as much as possible. He does not understand how hard her position is on her, but is devastated after she dies. In the end he has decided to go to war in order to die in helping others.
    Vronsky is a handsome, charming man whom everyone is easily falls in love but a diffucult man whom staying with is much more diffucult. They don’t understand their feelings each other so an affair which begins perfect is ended with an awful end for everyone.
    Stephen Oblonsky: Oblonsky is Anna’s brother and husband to Dolly.He has affairs and does not repent of them because he is a handsome man and is no longer in love with his wife. He spends much beyond his means and gets the familyin debt. His ideas and opinions follow that of the majority. Through Oblonsky the reader can see some of the differences between life in the city verses the country, and also the theme of the impoverishment of the nobility.
    Dolly Oblonskaya: Dolly is Oblonsky’s wife and is devastated by his affairs. She does not see any way out for herself though, as she is still in love with Oblonsky and does not want to hurt her children.She is mainly concerned with her children, and when she finds out that Anna cannot have any more children because the doctor had taken care of that, she is horrified.

    Princess Kitty: Kitty is Dolly’s sister. In the begining of the novel she thinks that she is in love with Vronsky and that she will marry him, and so refuses Levin’s proposal.After Vronsky leaves with Anna she feels ashamed and gets ill.When the family goes to a watering-place for her recuperation, she meets Varenka and decides to devote herself to helping others and doing other good. Se later realises that it is better for her to be herself and is quite happy in the end with her life in the country with Levin and their son.
    Constantine Levin: Levin lives in the country and believes in hard work. He does not understand men like Oblonsky or their jobs. He thinks much about agriculture and the role of the laborer, and is devastated when Kitty refuses his proposal. Later, after he and Kitty are married, he is preoccupied with his doubt about the existence of God.In the end of the novel he finds meaning in his life though, and is quite satisfied.His struggle to find faith as well as his concern about Death illustrate these themes in the novel.
    In Anna Karenina, Tolstoy is Levin. He gives Levin the events of his own life, his own thoughts and ideas. The relationship between Levin and Kitty is mirrored in the relationship between Tolstoy and his wife, Sonya. Tolstoy, like Levin, found great comfort in his wife, with whom he lived very hapilly on his country estate and produced thirteen children in fifteen years. With Levin the author conveys his ideas and political issues which are about socialism communism to reader.
    Seriozha Karenin: Seriozha is Anna and Karenin’s son. He does not know what to think about his mother or Vronsky, and is scared of his father. Anna is sorry to have to leave him, s she loves him more than she does her little girl.
    Countess Lydia Ivanova: The Countess is a good friend of Karenin’s and after Anna leaves him she falls in love with him and tries to take care of him. She convinces Karenin not to let Anna see Seriozha and convinces him to become even more serious about his Chiristianity.

    Theme Analysis:
    Anna Karenina introduces the themes of marriage, love and the family life. The novel follows three families; the Oblonsky’s, the Karenin’s, the Levin’s. Oblonsky has many affairs which he does not feel guilty about but which upset Dolly. With Oblonsky’s example, the reader can see that is more acceptable for men to be unfaithful in marriage than women. Oblonsky is respected in Society despite his affairs. For women, however, infidelity is not acceptable, anna is shunned from Society when she openly leaves her husband for Vronsky. She is not happy with Karenin after she meets Vronsky, but it turns out that she is not happy in her relationship with Vronsky either. Vronsky is still accepted in Society, and this makes Anna’s position even harder on her. The third family is made up of Kitty and Levin. Although they have a rough start before and right after their wedding, they seem to be the happiest of the three families.
    Moral and religious themes also run through the novel. Karenin is quite concerned with religion when thinking of how best to deal with Anna’s infidelity and the possibility of divorce. This becomes even truer after he gets closer to the Countess Lydia, as she encourages him to become even more serious about his beliefs and moral system. Anna has many moral conficts after she begins her affair with Vronsky, although she tries not to think about them. Karenin’s religiousness and generosity make her feel even worse. Levin is another character through which the religious theme can be followed. He is agnostic in the beginning of the novel and goes through a serious transformation by the end, when he has an epiphany through which he finds faith and the meaning in life, which is to live for God. The theme can also be explored through Varenka, as she is presented as an example of goodness, as she works to help the ill and shows no pride.
    The novel also revolves much around Class and Society. We see the importance of Society in how desperate Anna becomes when she is deprived of it. There are also different groups within Society, some considerded higher than others, such as that of Lisa Merkalova and the group that visits Betsy with her. Many of the discussions Levin takes part in revolve around the status and the problems of the lower classes or the peasants. He tries to revolutionize how agriculture is thought of in relation to the laborers, and there are also discussions about educating and helping the peasants and Levin’s obligation as a member of the aristocracy to improve conditions.
    Also surrounding Levin and dealing with class is his concern about the impoverishment of the nobility. He believes in the seperation of the classes, and is concerned about the nobility keeping their status and wealth. This can especially be seen in the scenes where Oblonsky and Levin argue about the sale of Dolly’s forest, as Levin thinks that Oblonsky is selling it for too little. He believes that Oblonsky will regret it when he does not have enough money later, and indeed Oblonsky does run into much debt in the novel. He then gets a position that will pay him much for doing little. It seems that there are many such jobs that pay more than necessary and are reserved for people with many friends.
    Yet another theme of the novel is that of city versus country living. From the very beginningthe differences between Oblonsky, who lives in Moscow, and Levin, who lives in the country, can be seen. These differences revolve around work, the meaning of work, the meaning of life and marriage. Although one cannot draw conclusions about every character based on where they live (especially since some move from place to place), there are numerous instances of the comparison between city and country living that make it an important theme of the novel.
    Death is another theme running throughout the novel. This theme can be explored through the death of Nicholas (Levin’s brother), Levin’s concern about death, the attempted suicide of Vronsky, the suicide of Anna and other events, as well as the character’s reactions to these events.

    Comment: I think this is the most perfect novel I’ve ever read. The characters, the winding key, the events, the themes are absolutely excellent. Anna Karenina is a novel which must be read. Although understanding Tolstoy is very diffucult, after reading I am strongly sure that the taste of the novel must be unforgettable.I think this a work of art which should be read again and again. Each reading adds you so many thing that you couldn’t expect.
    Leo Tolstoy is considered one of Russia’s gratest nineteenth-century novelists,an homor he shares with Dostoievsky. Tolstoy, however, focuses his novels on the vicissitudes of the upper-classes rather than on Dostoievsky’s underprivileged peasants or criminals.
    Tolstoy foresaw the end of the aristocracy in Russian Society.Serfs had already been set free; the working class was beginning to expand in power. Moreover, new mores and morals were being imported from the West, and Society’s upper crust was the first to feel the strain of these changes-a strain running an undercurrent throughout Anna Karenina. The novel reads like a soap opera, with the exhaustive cast of characters continually creating their own problems. Contrast Anna’s tragic quest for love and personal fulfillment with the spiritual odyssey of Levin.Through hard work and the support of an understanding family, his search is rewarded by happiness. Thus,Tolstoy’s gripping masterpiece revolves around the dissimilar paths of these two characters, allowing a forum for the author’s commentary on Russia’s maze-like social system, fraught with unresolved incongruities.
    The Ending: I like the ending. I think it is so suitable for this novel. Anyhow we do not say anything which contains any critisis about Anna Karenina and its ending. I think Tolstoy proofed how big and clever he is.
    The Title: The title is suitable for the novel. Becausu the novel is surrounding about Anna and Anna is the main character of the novel. I think it is perfect too.
    The Cover Picture: I love the cover picture.It shows a scene from Anna and Vronsky’s affair while they are kissing each other warmly and hotly.And it is suitable the novel’s consecpt.

  9. Aradığınız Bilgiyi Bulamadıysanız Üye Olmadan
    BURAYA Tıklayarak Sorunuzu Düzgün Bir Başlık ile Yazabilirsiniz.

    Gulliver is a young doctor. He is tall and slim. He likes the sea and ships very much. He wants to travel in a ship and see the whole world.
    One day he goes to the harbour. He sees a beautiful big ship. She has big white sails. Gulliver goes to the ship. He speaks to the captain. Gulliver says "Sir, My name is Gulliver. I am a doctor. I want to work here. Do you need a doctor? The captain says "Yes, we do." Gulliver is very happy now. The ship leaves for the South Seas the next day. It is a long way from England.
    The sailors work very hard but they are happy. The days are fine. The sun is shining.
    In the afternoon the captain says "Look at those clouds. The sky will become very dark soon.
    There will be a storm. A big storm. Be careful. Very careful." The wind blows very hard and it rains heavily. It is a terrible storm! The sea is too rough. There are big waves. The ship rocks and rolls. She is in danger. The sailors are afraid and they got sea sick!
    A big wave overturns the ship and Gulliver falls into the sea. Gulliver wakes up. He is on a beach.
    He tries to get up but, he can not. He says "What is happening? Where am I?" His hands and feet are tied. He can not move. There are ropes across his body.
    His hair is tied to the ground, too. He feels unhappy. He shouts "Help, help."
    There are hundreds of soldiers on his body. They are very small. They have swords and bows. There is a king. He is not on Gulliver. He is standing near his soldiers. The king asks "Who are you? Why are you here? Are you our enemy? Gulliver answers "My name is Gulliver. I had a sea accident. I am not your enemy. Where am I?" The king says "This is the island of Lilliput.
    I am the king of this country." Gulliver says to the king "Please, leave me free."
    The king says to his soldiers "Untie him!" The soldiers untie him. The king says to Gulliver "Come to the castle. I will give you some food." Gulliver says "Thank you. I am very hungry and thirsty." Gulliver sits outside the castle. He can not go into the castle. He is too big.
    He sees the princess. She is at the window. She says "Hello, I am the princess. I want to give you some food. Here is some fresh fruit. There are bananas, apples, grapes and peaches for you."
    Gulliver says "Thank you very much. Can I have some drink, please?"
    The princess says "Yes, of course, here is some lemonade. Where are you from?"
    Gulliver says "I am from a big land. It is across the sea. It is very pretty.
    There are a lot of trees, rivers and beautiful flowers in my country." The princess asks "Are all the people giants in your country?" Gulliver says "Yes, they are."
    Gulliver asks to the king "Can I visit your town?" The king says "Yes, but don't walk in the streets. Don't walk on the houses! Don't walk on the people. Don't kill or hurt them. Sit down outside the town!" A soldier shouts "Alarm, alarm." There are six ships in the port. They have skulls and cross bones on the flags. They are pirates." The king says "Oh dear, they are here for my treasure." Gulliver says "Don't worry. I will help you." Gulliver goes down to the port. The pirates sees Gulliver. They are terrified of him. they fire cannon balls!
    BOOM, BOOM! Gulliver catches them in his hands.
    He blows and blows the ships away He has a big victory. That evening there is a big party in Lilliput. Everybody is happy. They sing songs and dance. Gulliver is the star of the country.
    Everybody loves him very much. They give him presents.Gulliver likes Lilliput, its people and the king. They are very happy. But Gulliver is unhappy. He is homesick. He wants to go home. The princess asks her "You look very unhappy. Why? Don't you like us?" Gulliver says "I like you very much. But, I missed my family and my people. I want to go home back but, I haven't got a ship." The Lilliputian people work very hard. They work day and night. They cut big trees in the forest. They tie them together and they make big sails. Gulliver helps them. They make a boat for Gulliver.Gulliver likes the boat very much. He says "Thank you. I like you. I will never forget you." Goodbye. He gets in the boat and sails away.


    “Tom,Tom” shouted Aunt Polly. She heard something. She saw he run. She could catch his jacket. Tom convinced Aunt Polly and ran.
    She will punish to him.
    Tom today went to river so he didn’t go to school. Tom and Jim chop the wood.
    Tom and Aunt Polly talked about the school.
    Tom met a stranger. His all clothes ironed. He was very fashionable.They decided to fight. Tom fight a stranger boy. “I will fight you until you say enough.” The boy “Enough!”
    Tom waited in front of his house. His mother said to Aunt Polly. Aunt Polly will punish to Tom. Tom will work in the garden on Saturday.
    He is painting the fence, but he can’t finish the fence in the today. Tom wanted to help from Jim. “If you help me, I will give you a marble. Jim at first didn’t refuse, but at last he refused.
    Ben was watched tom. Ben wanted to help to Tom , but Tom didn’t refuse it.
    Ben wanted to try it. “ If I painted the fence I will give a half apple” he said. “No” answered Tom.
    Tom came and ”Can I go to play with my friends?” he asked. Aunt Polly “If you finished the fence you can go. “Yes I finished.”
    She didn’t belive to Tom she went to check the fence. Tom really finished the painting. “Tom I proud of you, now you can go” said Aunt Polly. Aunt Polly gave the prize of apple to Tom. Tom didn’t listen her and he ran out. He saw Sid in the garden.
    He saw the groups in the town centre. Their groups had planed to fight. Two commanders sat on a wall and directed their soldiers. In the end changed the prisoners and they decided to next fight date. Tom went home.
    He saw a girl. The girl very lovely with green eyes. He watched her. Tom took the flower but didn’t see again the girl.
    He wasn’t happy when he woke up. He tought he was ill. If he is ill he can’t go to school. First tought of his stomache. He had toothache. Tom didn’t like to fail.
    “What is wrong with you?” she asked. “You don’t look good.” “I eill die soon.” Said Tom. “ I’m beeing poisoned.” Aunt Polly look his tooth and she wanted to rope and coal from Marry. “No don’t pull my tooth. I don’t have any aches. I don’t went to miss class.” Said Tom. Marry came with coal and rope.
    After the breakfast he met his friend. He forgotten his pulled out tooth. She looked very happy.
    Tom met Huckleberry Finn. He like play with Huck but Aunt Polly never wanted to it because he was extraordinary person. He slept on the grass in summer. He wore dirty clothes. He walked barefoot when the weather was hot but, it was cold he wore his shoes. He didn’t wear clean clothes. In Huck’s hand he had a dead cat. They decided to go to forest.
    Tom waiting Huck. They went to grave-yard to big tree.
    Now Satan, Muff Potter and Red Joe came, they found the coffin. Soon they took out dead body. The doctor came. Red Joe and Muff Potter jumped on the doctor. Red Joe killed the doctor. Potter begged to Joe for don’t tell anyone.
    Tom and Huck decided to this their secret.
    The next day everybody was talking about murder. A man said the knife belonged to Muff Potter. “Is that yours?” sheriff asked. He fainted. The sheriff wanted to tell story from Red Joe. He said lie.
    He walking and thinking. He met Joe Harper. Joe Harper had the same ideas as Tom. They go to Jackson Island in the Missisipi River. Two friends and Huck decided to meet in the middle. They took some food. At midnight, they went to Jackson Island. They lit a fire and sat around. They ate meal. They free in the end. Soon Huck lit a cigarette. He started to smoke. Other two boys wanted to try it. Tom felt bad when he smoked.
    In the morning they woke up. They swam. They heard some noises snd went to boat. The boat deparatured. The boys returned the camp.
    Tom would go to his house. Aunt Polly when waiting wasn’t alone at home Joe Harper’s moyher was there. Later Mrs. Harper went her house. Aunt Polly went to sleep Tom came and kissed her.
    There was a crowd in the churc’s yard.He priest was praying when the boys is came in. Tom and his friends were famous.
    Aunt Polly kissed him and begged to mustn’t do again.
    He went to school. Beckky suddenly remembered the ink was poured on the teacher’s book. Tom went to the classroom. Thought Tom “strange girl she is.” In the classroom the teacher saw his book. “ Who did?” he asked. Nobody was answered. Teacher punish to Becky.
    Soon it was holiday and Becky went to holiday. He was alone and he wanted adventures.
    Tom sorry about Muff Potter. Because he is innocent. The next morning the court date and Tom and Huck in the saloon. The court started judge listened to witnesses. Suddenly the judge called out Tom Sawyer. The judge asked to Tom. Tom answered to the judge. Tom said all he had see. He in the end said the murder.
    He was on holiday and he didn’t want to spend it at home. He must did something else. He had hear about treasure. Tom and Huck went to find treasure.
    The next day Tom and Huck went to tht hounted house, but the two men, Spanish man and Red Joe find the treasure, too. Tom and Huck heard “number 2” from Red Joe.
    Tom after breakfast went Huck. They searched the two’s secret. Tom went and didn’t back on half an hour. He went to inns. One of the room belonged to a lawyer. Red Joe was in the other room. Tom waited for the room to be empty.
    Huck heard some sounds. He saw two men carrying a chest. He went to Tom for inform to Tom. Two men put the teasure in the cave. Tom and Becky walked in the cave. Tom and Becky were lost in the cave. It was midnight and the lost children in the cave. Tom and Becky were in the house, but Tom found the treasure with Huck. Tom and Huck went to the cave. They lit the candles and walked in the cave. They saw a rock. It is written 2 on the rock. The boys began to dig the ground. They found the chest and they are rich.



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